And Marry Those Among You Who Are Single (Al-Ayama)….

This verse is a clear indicator that the life of man is based in faith.    Marriage must have a strong base in faith, first in Allah – which grows our faith in ourselves and our ability to be the khalifa (caretaker/custodian) of ourselves and our environment as He created us to be; maintaining and cultivating ourselves and our issue (children) for Allah as He Wills that we do.    Remember! They (the children) do not belong to us no more than our own selves do.    We get joy from our children, and ourselves, our lives – individually and with our husband/wife in a wholesome righteous manner, remembering and respecting our duty and responsibility to Allah Most High, as we find within the life of the Prophet Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

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These clear Ayat [Sura 24:32] include a group of unambiguous rulings and firm commands.

و أنكِحُوا الأيامى مِنْكُمْ

And marry those among you who are single (Al-Ayama)….

This is a command to marry.

The Prophet said:

O young men, whoever among you can afford to get married, let him marry, for it is more effective in lowering the gaze and protecting the private parts. Whoever cannot do that, then let him fast, for it is a protection for him.

This was recorded in the Two Sahihs from the Hadith of Ibn Mas`ud.

In the Sunan, it was recorded from more than one person that the Messenger of Allah said:

Marry and have children, for I will be proud of you before the nations on the Day of Resurrection.

The word Al-Ayama, the plural form of Ayyim, is used to describe a woman who has no husband and a man who has no wife, regardless of whether they have been married and then separated, or have never been married at all. Al-Jawhari reported this from the scholars of the (Arabic) language, and the word is applied to men and women alike.

وِ الصَّالِحِيْنَ مِنَ عِبَادِكُمْ وَ إمَائِكُمْ

and the pious of your servants and maid servants

إن يَكُونُوا فُقَرَا يُغْنِهِمُ اللهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ

If they be poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty.

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn Abbas:

“Allah encouraged them to get married, commanded both free men and servants to get married, and He promised to enrich them.”

It was recorded that Ibn Mas`ud said:

“Seek the richness through marriage, for Allah says:

وَ الصَّالِحِيْنَ مِنْ عِبَادِكُمْ وَ إمَائِكُمْ

If they be poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty;” (Quran 24:32).

This was recorded by Ibn Jarir.

Al-Baghawi also recorded something similar from Umar.

وَ اللهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيْمٌ

“And Allah is All-Sufficient, All-Knowing;” (Quran 24;32).

It was reported from Al-Layth from Muhammad bin Ajlan from Sa`id Al-Maqburi from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said:

ثَلاثةٌ حَقٌّ عَلَى اللهِ عَوْنُهُمْ

ألنَّاكِحُ يُرِيْدُ الْعَفَافَ

وَ الْحُكَاتبُ يُرِيْدُ الْأدَاءَ

وَ الْغَازِي فِي سَبِيْلِ اللهِ

There are three whom it is a right upon Allah to help:

one who gets married seeking chastity;

a slave who makes a contract with his master with the aim of buying his freedom; and

one who fights for the sake of Allah.

This was recorded by Imam Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.

From Tafsir of Ibn Kathir

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Mr. Harun Jihad Bilal || Living Islam 101

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